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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2005 Jan;136(1):39-44. Epub 2004 Dec 8.

A new method to bind allergens for the measurement of specific IgE antibodies.

Author information

1
Research Institute for Occupational Medicine of the Berufsgenossenschaften (BGFA), Institute of the Ruhr University of Bochum, Bochum, Germany. sander@bgfa.ruhr-uni-bochum.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Detection of allergen-specific IgE antibodies in patients' sera plays a key role for the diagnosis of IgE-mediated allergy. If no validated test system is available, diagnostic tools must be developed, usually by coupling or binding the allergens to a solid phase. Streptavidin ImmunoCAP is a new solid phase for binding of allergens which can be used in the Pharmacia CAP system.

OBJECTIVE:

It was the aim of this study to assess the diagnostic validity of Streptavidin ImmunoCAP.

METHODS:

Biotinylation and allergen concentration for binding to Streptavidin ImmunoCAP were optimized and IgE obtained with natural rubber latex, obeche wood, wheat and rye flour Streptavidin ImmunoCAP were compared with the results of ImmunoCAP and Enzyme Allergo-Sorbent Test (EAST) using sera from patients complaining of workplace-related respiratory symptoms.

RESULTS:

While the relation of biotin-label and protein was critical (best results were obtained with a 5- fold molar excess), labelled protein for coupling to streptavidin ImmunoCAP was applicable in a wide concentration range. On average, IgE values with streptavidin ImmunoCAP were as high as with ImmunoCAP but considerably higher than values obtained by EAST.

CONCLUSION:

Streptavidin ImmunoCAP is a valuable tool for sensitive and specific measurement of IgE binding to new allergens superior to cellulose disk-based methods.

PMID:
15591812
DOI:
10.1159/000082583
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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