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J Microbiol Methods. 2005 Feb;60(2):189-93.

A novel selective medium for isolation of Streptococcus mutans.

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Department of Microbiology, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan.


The aim of this study was to improve the selective medium of Streptococcus mutans. A new selective medium, designated MS-MUTV, was prepared by adding 10 mg/l valinomycin to the MS-MUT medium previously described. The average recovery of S. mutans was 72.1%, and the growth of S. sobrinus and S. anginousus group was inhibited on MS-MUTV, but allowed on MS-MUT. One hundred and thirty-nine human saliva samples were examined and counted for S. mutans and non-S. mutans colonies. The recovery of S. mutans on MS-MUTV was similar to that on MS-MUT. Eighty-two and 7.9 percent of the saliva samples obtained S. mutans pure cultures, with no bacterial growth on MS-MUTV, respectively. The remaining 10.1% were contaminated with non-S. mutans, with low-level CFU. MS-MUTV is useful for the isolation of S. mutans alone from clinical samples in routine examinations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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