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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004 Dec 6;1742(1-3):151-60.

Annexin 7 mobilizes calcium from endoplasmic reticulum stores in brain.

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  • 1Neurology Department, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.


Mobilization of intracellular calcium from inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3)-sensitive endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stores plays a prominent role in brain function. Mice heterozygous for the annexin A7 (Anx7) gene have a profound reduction in IP3 receptor function in pancreatic islets along with defective insulin secretion. We examined IP3-sensitive calcium pools in the brains of Anx7 (+/-) mice by utilizing ATP/Mg(2+)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake into brain membrane preparations and tissue sections. Although the Anx7 (+/-) mouse brain displayed similar levels of IP3 binding sites and thapsigargin-sensitive (45)Ca(2+) uptake as that seen in wild-type mouse brain, the Anx7 (+/-) mouse brain Ca(2+) pools showed markedly reduced sensitivity to IP3. A potent and saturable Ca(2+)-releasing effect of recombinant ANX7 protein was demonstrated in mouse and rat brain membrane preparations, which was additive with that of IP3. We propose that ANX7 mobilizes Ca(2+) from an endoplasmic reticulum-like pool, which can be recruited to enhance IP3-mediated Ca(2+) release.

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