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Exp Neurol. 2005 Jan;191(1):145-53.

Antiepileptogenic and anticonvulsant activity of interleukin-1 beta in amygdala-kindled rats.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Institute Pasteur of Iran, Tehran, Iran.


Ischaemic, excitotoxic and traumatic brain injuries have been associated with the occurrence of epileptic seizures. Microglia, the principal immune cells in the brain, produce a variety of proinflammatory and cytotoxic factors especially interleukin-1 (IL-1) early after an acute insult. We studied the effect of intracerebroventricularly administered IL-1beta on seizure acquisition and on fully kindled seizures in amygdala kindling model of epilepsy. IL-1beta (0.01 ng/rat) retarded acquisition of kindled behavioral seizures and growth of afterdischarges (AD). IL-1beta (0.01-10 ng/rat) also exhibited significant anticonvulsant effect on established kindled seizures and AD duration. This effect began 0.5 h after administration and was continued up to 72 h. Pretreatment of the kindled animals with nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, or cyclooxygenase inhibitor, piroxicam, reversed the anticonvulsant effect of IL-1beta at early time points. Although most of the previous studies indicate a proconvulsant or convulsant property of IL-1, our results support a protective and antiepileptogenic role of IL-1beta.

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