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Radiother Oncol. 2004 Dec;73(3):349-54.

Measurement of tumor diameter-dependent mobility of lung tumors by dynamic MRI.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

To assess the influence of tumor diameter on tumor mobility and motion of the tumor bearing hemithorax during the whole breathing cycle in patients with stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using dynamic MRI.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Breathing cycles of thirty-nine patients with solitary NSCLCs were examined using a trueFISP sequence (three images per second). Patients were divided into three groups according to the maximal tumor diameter in the transverse plane (<3, 3-5 and >5 cm). Continuous time-distance curves and deep inspiratory and expiratory positions of the chest wall, the diaphragm and the tumor were measured in three planes. Motion of tumor-bearing and corresponding contralateral non-tumor bearing regions was compared.

RESULTS:

Patients with a tumor >3 cm showed a significantly lower diaphragmatic motion of the tumor bearing compared with the non-tumor bearing hemithorax in the craniocaudal (CC) directions (tumors 3-5 cm: 23.4+/-1.2 vs 21.1+/-1.5 cm (P<0.05); tumors >5 cm: 23.4+/-1.2 vs 20.1+/-1.6 cm (P<0.01). Tumors >5 cm in the lower lung region showed a significantly lower mobility compared with tumors <3 cm (1.8+/-1.0 vs 3.8+/-0.7 cm, P<0.01) in the CC directions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dynamic MRI is a simple non-invasive method to differentiate mobility of tumors with different diameters and its influence on the surrounding tissue. Tumor diameter has a significant influence on tumor mobility and this might be taken into account in future radiotherapy planning.

PMID:
15588881
DOI:
10.1016/j.radonc.2004.07.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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