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Genet Sel Evol. 2005 Jan-Feb;37(1):1-30.

Restricted maximum likelihood estimation of genetic principal components and smoothed covariance matrices.

Author information

1
Animal Genetics and Breeding Unit, University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351, Australia. kmeyer@didgeridoo.une.edu.au

Abstract

Principal component analysis is a widely used 'dimension reduction' technique, albeit generally at a phenotypic level. It is shown that we can estimate genetic principal components directly through a simple reparameterisation of the usual linear, mixed model. This is applicable to any analysis fitting multiple, correlated genetic effects, whether effects for individual traits or sets of random regression coefficients to model trajectories. Depending on the magnitude of genetic correlation, a subset of the principal component generally suffices to capture the bulk of genetic variation. Corresponding estimates of genetic covariance matrices are more parsimonious, have reduced rank and are smoothed, with the number of parameters required to model the dispersion structure reduced from k(k+1)/2 to m(2k-m+1)/2 for k effects and m principal components. Estimation of these parameters, the largest eigenvalues and pertaining eigenvectors of the genetic covariance matrix, via restricted maximum likelihood using derivatives of the likelihood, is described. It is shown that reduced rank estimation can reduce computational requirements of multivariate analyses substantially. An application to the analysis of eight traits recorded via live ultrasound scanning of beef cattle is given.

PMID:
15588566
PMCID:
PMC2697245
DOI:
10.1051/gse:2004034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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