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Ann Nucl Med. 2004 Oct;18(7):617-22.

Prognostic value of ECG-gated thallium-201 single-photon emission tomography in patients with coronary artery disease.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan. smatsuo@belle.shiga-med.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The phenomenon of reversible impairment in LV function has been well described and is known as myocardial stunning.

OBJECTIVE:

Thallium-201 myocardial perfusion gated SPECT was used to evaluate myocardial stunning and its incremental prognostic value in patients with coronary artery disease.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Fifty-six patients (aged 63+/-11 years) with coronary artery disease were included in this study. All subjects underwent exercise thallium scintigraphy. ECG-gated SPECT was obtained both at post-stress (10 minutes after the injection of 111 MBq of thallium at the time of peak exercise) and at rest (180 minutes). The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and end-systolic and end-diastolic volume (ESV, EDV) were determined by a quantitative gated SPECT (QGS) program.

RESULTS:

Follow-up was complete in all patients (mean 569 days). The magnitude of the depression of post-stress LVEF relative to the rest LVEF was correlated with the severity of ischemia (p < 0.05). The group with a median LVEF of more than 45% had a significantly higher event-free rate (p < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Assessment of post-stress left ventricular function by gated-SPECT provides incremental prognostic information and is useful in predicting cardiac events in patients with suspected or definite coronary artery disease.

PMID:
15586636
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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