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Neurobiol Aging. 2005 Jan;26(1):91-101.

Dopamine and GABA increases produced by activation of glutamate receptors in the nucleus accumbens are decreased during aging.

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1
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain. segoviag@med.ucm.es

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of aging on the increases of dopamine and GABA induced by activation of ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors in the nucleus accumbens of the freely moving rat. The effects of local perfusion of the agonists NMDA (10, 100 and 500 microM), AMPA (1, 20 and 100 microM) and ACPD (100, 500 and 1000 microM) on extracellular concentration of dopamine and GABA in the nucleus accumbens of young (2-4 months), middle-aged (10-14 months) and aged (24-32 months) male Wistar rats were studied using microdialysis. In young rats, perfusion of the agonists NMDA and AMPA, but not ACPD, produced an increase of dialysate concentrations of dopamine. Perfusion of the three glutamate agonists (NMDA, AMPA and ACPD) produced an increase of dialysate GABA. This increase was delayed in time compared with the increase of dopamine. In the nucleus accumbens of middle-aged and aged rats, the increases of dopamine induced by NMDA were significantly lower than those in young rats. Also the increases of dopamine induced by AMPA were lower in aged rats than those in young rats. The effects of AMPA, NMDA and ACPD on dialysate GABA were significantly lower in aged rats than in young rats. These findings suggest that aging changes the interaction between the neurotransmitters glutamate and dopamine and glutamate and GABA in the nucleus accumbens of the freely moving rat.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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