Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Dec;158(12):1113-5.

Iron deficiency in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Author information

  • 1Service de Psychopathologie de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent, Hôpital Robert Debré, Paris, France. eric.konofal@rdb.ap-hop-paris.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Iron deficiency causes abnormal dopaminergic neurotransmission and may contribute to the physiopathology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate iron deficiency in children with ADHD vs iron deficiency in an age- and sex-matched control group.

DESIGN:

Controlled group comparison study.

SETTING:

Child and Adolescent Psychopathology Department in European Pediatric Hospital, Paris, France.

PATIENTS:

Fifty-three children with ADHD aged 4 to 14 years (mean +/- SD, 9.2 +/- 2.2 years) and 27 controls (mean +/- SD, 9.5 +/- 2.8 years).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Serum ferritin levels evaluating iron stores and Conners' Parent Rating Scale scores measuring severity of ADHD symptoms have been obtained.

RESULTS:

The mean serum ferritin levels were lower in the children with ADHD (mean +/- SD, 23 +/- 13 ng/mL) than in the controls (mean +/- SD, 44 +/- 22 ng/mL; P < .001). Serum ferritin levels were abnormal (<30 ng/mL) in 84% of children with ADHD and 18% of controls (P < .001). In addition, low serum ferritin levels were correlated with more severe general ADHD symptoms measured with Conners' Parent Rating Scale (Pearson correlation coefficient, r = -0.34; P < .02) and greater cognitive deficits (r = -0.38; P < .01).

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that low iron stores contribute to ADHD and that ADHD children may benefit from iron supplementation.

PMID:
15583094
DOI:
10.1001/archpedi.158.12.1113
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center