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Patient Educ Couns. 2004 Dec;55(3):316-30.

Models and theories in studies on educating and counseling children about physical health: a systematic review.

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  • 1Department of Training and Instruction, Learning Technologies, TNO Human Factors, P.O. Box 23, 3769 ZG Soesterberg, The Netherlands.


The aim of this review is to gain a comprehensive view on the theories and models referred to in studies on educating and counseling children about physical health. A computer search was conducted using PubMed Medline, and Silverplatter Webspirs Psycinfo. Original studies, reviews, and theoretical papers published between 1992-2003 were included. The review presents the results of the 35 studies in which the majority of the subjects were between 0 and 12 years of age. A classification system is proposed that helped grouping the models, and the interrelationship between this classification and the characteristics of the reviewed studies is explored. The classification could function as an introductory guide and help to select appropriate theories and models when defining future research agenda's. The results of this review may attribute to the refinement of the theoretical underpinning of child education and counseling in physical health.

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