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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2004 Nov;79(3):413-29.

Recovery of experimental Parkinson's disease with the melatonin analogues ML-23 and S-20928 in a chronic, bilateral 6-OHDA model: a new mechanism involving antagonism of the melatonin receptor.

Author information

1
The Bronowski Institute of Behavioural Neuroscience, Coliban Medical Centre, 19 Jennings Street, Kyneton, Victoria 3444, Australia. gwillbro@nex.net.au

Abstract

Over the past 10 years, there has been a resurgence of interest in examining the role of melatonin in health and disease. While the brunt of research in this area has portrayed melatonin in a favorable light, there is a growing body of evidence suggesting that melatonin may possess adverse effects contributing to the development of various neuropsychiatric disease states. In preclinical models of Parkinson's disease (PD), melatonin has been shown to enhance the severity of this condition while its antagonism, using constant light or pinealectomy, facilitates recovery. To test this hypothesis further, the present study employed the melatonin analogues ML-23 and S-20928 in a post-6-OHDA injection regime to determine whether they may have a favorable effect on the symptoms of this more chronic model of PD. When ML-23 was injected I.P. in a dose of 3 mg/kg twice daily for 3.5 days after 6-OHDA, significant improvement in motor function and regulatory deficits was observed. Similarly, the injection of S-20928 in a 1 mg/kg dose (I.P.), in the same regimen, facilitated modest improvement in motor function and regulatory deficits while the larger dose enhanced the severity of behavioural deficits and produced severe side effects causing deterioration in condition during the course of drug administration. ML-23 administration totally abolished the 6-OHDA-induced mortality, which accompanies dopamine (DA) degeneration, while S-20928 had no effect on this parameter. These results suggest that some melatonin analogues can aid in recovery from DA depleting lesions after DA degeneration has commenced and the recovery is not attributable to the antioxidative properties of this hormone. While the exact mechanism by which ML-23 and S-20928 are exerting their therapeutic effect is unclear, it is possible that antagonism of melatonin receptors may play some role and this should be considered when assessing the potential of melatonin analogues for treatment of human neuropsychiatric disorders.

PMID:
15582013
DOI:
10.1016/j.pbb.2004.08.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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