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Am J Ophthalmol. 1992 Apr 15;113(4):396-400.

Long-term fluctuation of the visual field in glaucoma.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.

Abstract

We examined 756 automated threshold visual fields of 167 eyes of patients with glaucoma to determine the magnitude of the long-term fluctuation at individual test locations. Eyes were grouped into clinically stable or nonstable groups according to predefined clinical criteria. At individual test locations with initial sensitivities of 25 to 30 dB in clinically stable eyes, the 5th to 95th percentile value for subsequent measurements was +/- 4 dB. For initial sensitivities of 20 dB, this 90% range was +/- 6 dB, and for sensitivities 15 dB or less, the 90% range of subsequent values spanned sensitivities from almost zero to normal values. Long-term fluctuation correlated with short-term fluctuation (r = .363, P less than .0005), but not with age or intraocular pressure. There was no correlation of long-term fluctuation with eccentricity after correcting for the decreased sensitivity associated with greater eccentricity. Long-term fluctuation was greater in the nonstable group than in the stable group (P less than .0005). These data provide limits for fluctuation in stable patients with glaucoma, which will help guide clinical decisions about visual field progression.

PMID:
1558113
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-9394(14)76161-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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