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Cancer Invest. 2004;22(5):670-7.

Trastuzumab, paclitaxel, cisplatin, and radiation for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus: a phase I study.

Author information

1
The Brown University Oncology Group, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. hsafran@lifespan.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To conduct a phase I study incorporating trastuzumab with paclitaxel, cisplatin, and radiation for adenocarcinoma of the esophagus.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagus without distant organ metastases were eligible. All patients received cisplatin 25 mg/m2 and paclitaxel 50 mg/m2 weekly for 6 weeks with radiation 50.4 Gy. HER-2/neu-positive patients (2+/3+ by immunohistochemistry) received weekly trastuzumab at dose levels of 1, 1.5, or 2 mg/kg weekly for 5 weeks after an initial bolus of 2, 3, or 4 mg/kg, respectively. HER-2/neu-negative patients received the same chemoradiation without trastuzumab as a control for toxicity. Dose-limiting toxicities were defined as grade 3 esophageal, cardiac, or pulmonary toxicity.

RESULTS:

Twelve of 36 screened patients (33%) overexpressed HER-2/neu by immunohistochemistry (seven 3+ and five 2+). Eight of 12 patients with HER-2/neu overexpression by IHC had an increase in the number of HER-2/neu genes, six from amplification of the HER-2/ neu gene and two were hypderdiploid for chromosome 17. Thirty patients were enrolled (12 HER-2/neu-positive and 18 HER-2/neu-negative controls). No increase in toxicity was seen with the addition of trastuzumab. One of 12 patients in the trastuzumab arm and 8 of 17 in the control arm had grade 3 esophagitis (p < or = .026). Mean left ventricular ejection fraction for the trastuzumab group was 57% before treatment and 56% after treatment.

CONCLUSION:

HER-2/neu is overexpressed in approximately one-third of esophageal adenocarcinomas. Trastuzumab can be added at full dose to cisplatin, paclitaxel, and radiation. Future studies of trastuzumab in esophageal adenocarcinoma are indicated.

PMID:
15581047
DOI:
10.1081/cnv-200032951
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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