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Comb Chem High Throughput Screen. 2004 Dec;7(8):783-91.

Normalization of cDNA microarray data using wavelet regressions.

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Program in Genomics and Bioinformatics on Drug Addiction, Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA.


Normalization is an essential step in microarray data mining and analysis. For cDNA microarray data, the primary purpose of normalization is removing the intensity-dependent bias across different slides within an experimental group or between multiple groups. The locally weighted regression (lowess) procedure has been widely used for this purpose but can be comparatively time consuming when the dataset becomes relatively large. In this study, we applied wavelet regressions, a new smoothing method for recovering a regression function from data that is supposed to outperform other methods in many cases, such as spline or local polynomial fitting, to normalize two cDNA microarray datasets. Relative to the lowess procedure, we found that wavelet regressions not only produced reliable normalization results but also ran much faster. The computing speed represents one of the most important advantages over other algorithms, especially when one is interested in analyzing a large microarray experiment involving hundreds of slides.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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