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AIDS. 2004 Oct 21;18(15):2039-45.

Survival in patients with HIV infection and viral hepatitis B or C: a cohort study.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Southern California School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA. Bonacim@sutterhealth.org

Abstract

AIM:

To assess survival in patients with HIV and viral hepatitis co-infection.

METHODS:

A prospective university clinic cohort of 472 patients with HIV infection who were followed for 8343 patient-months. The outcome measures were the survival from HIV or liver disease assessed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariable analysis using a Cox regression model identified variables associated with mortality.

RESULTS:

Patients were divided into four subgroups: HIV/hepatitis B virus (HBV) (n = 72), HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) (n = 256), multiple hepatitides (n = 18) and HIV alone (n = 126). One hundred and thirty-four patients (28.4%) died during follow-up. Liver mortality was noted in 55 patients, representing 12% of the cohort and 41% of the total mortality. Survival curves were similar in patients with HIV alone and those with any viral hepatitis co-infection. Liver deaths were more common in patients with multiple hepatitides (28%) HIV/HBV (15%), HIV/HCV co-infection (13%) versus HIV alone (6%). Liver mortality was comparable in HIV/HBV as in HIV/HCV co-infected patients and was not associated with gender, ethnicity, age, or mode of infection. HIV deaths were similar in patients co-infected with viral hepatitis compared with those with HIV alone. In patients with viral hepatitis co-infection, initial CD4 cell count > 200 x 10(6) cells/l and use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were associated with significantly reduced liver mortality.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with HIV and viral hepatitis had greater liver mortality than patients with HIV alone, but had comparable HIV mortality. Co-infection with hepatitis B is associated with hepatic outcomes similar to hepatitis C. Control of immunosuppression with HAART and CD4 counts > 200 x 10(6) cells/l are associated with better hepatic outcomes and should be the first priority in patients with HIV and viral hepatitis.

PMID:
15577625
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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