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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Feb;25(2):399-405. Epub 2004 Dec 2.

Postprandial lipoprotein changes in patients taking antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection.

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  • 1University of Wisconsin Medical School, 600 Highland Ave, G7/341 CSC (MC 3248) Madison, WI 53792, USA. jhs@medicine.wisc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Dyslipidemia is common among patients receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection. The purpose of this study was to determine whether postprandial lipemia contributes to the dyslipidemia observed in HIV-positive patients taking antiretroviral therapy.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

A standardized fat load was administered to 65 subjects (group 1 35 HIV-positive subjects receiving protease inhibitors [PIs]; group 2 20 HIV-positive subjects not receiving PIs; group 3 10 HIV-negative controls). Serum triglycerides, retinyl palmitate, and lipoproteins were measured using enzymatic and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic techniques. Compared with HIV-negative controls, peak postprandial retinyl palmitate and large very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) levels occurred later in both HIV-positive groups, and a delayed decrease in serum triglycerides was observed. However, postprandial areas under the curve (AUCs) for triglycerides, retinyl palmitate, chylomicrons, and large VLDL were similar. Postprandial AUCs for intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDLs) and low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) were higher in group 1 than groups 2 and 3 (all P<0.035).

CONCLUSIONS:

Postprandial clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins is delayed in HIV-positive individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy. Compared with HIV-positive individuals not on PIs, those taking PIs do not have increased postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins but do have increased postprandial IDLs and LDLs. An oral fat load was administered to 55 HIV-positive and 10 HIV-negative individuals. Postprandial clearance of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins was delayed in HIV-positive individuals. Compared with HIV-positive subjects not on PIs, those taking PIs do not have increased postprandial triglyceride-rich lipoproteins but do have increased postprandial intermediate-density and low-density lipoproteins.

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