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Endocrinology. 2005 Mar;146(3):1321-7. Epub 2004 Dec 2.

Adrenomedullin is both proinflammatory and antiinflammatory: its effects on gene expression and secretion of cytokines and macrophage migration inhibitory factor in NR8383 macrophage cell line.

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Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China.


Adrenomedullin (ADM) is a potent vasorelaxant peptide that plays important roles in cardiovascular homeostasis and inflammatory response. ADM derived from macrophages is one of the major sources of ADM that is produced in the inflammatory process. To assess the functions of ADM in inflammation, we studied the temporal changes in ADM production and its effect on secretion of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and cytokine response of NR8383 rat macrophages activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). NR8383 cells were stimulated by LPS in the absence and presence of exogenous ADM, and the concentrations of ADM, MIF, and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-alpha, and IL-1beta) in the culture media and gene expressions of the cells were measured. We confirmed that the secretion and mRNA expression of ADM in the macrophages were markedly increased by LPS. ADM increased initial secretion of MIF and IL-1beta from both nonstimulated and LPS-stimulated cells, and it also increased basal and LPS-induced IL-6 secretion of the cells by 2- to 15-fold. However, it reduced secretion of TNF-alpha from LPS-stimulated cells by 34-56%. Our results suggest that ADM modulates MIF secretion and cytokine production and plays important roles in both the initiation and propagation of the inflammatory response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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