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Mol Biol Cell. 2005 Feb;16(2):717-30. Epub 2004 Dec 1.

Interaction of Sla2p's ANTH domain with PtdIns(4,5)P2 is important for actin-dependent endocytic internalization.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3202, USA.

Abstract

A variety of studies have implicated the lipid PtdIns(4,5)P2 in endocytic internalization, but how this lipid mediates its effects is not known. The AP180 N-terminal homology (ANTH) domain is a PtdIns(4,5)P2-binding module found in several proteins that participate in receptor-mediated endocytosis. One such protein is yeast Sla2p, a highly conserved actin-binding protein essential for actin organization and endocytic internalization. To better understand how PtdIns(4,5)P2 binding regulates actin-dependent endocytosis, we investigated the functions of Sla2p's ANTH domain. A liposome-binding assay revealed that Sla2p binds to PtdIns(4,5)P2 specifically through its ANTH domain and identified specific lysine residues required for this interaction. Mutants of Sla2p deficient in PtdIns(4,5)P2 binding showed significant defects in cell growth, actin organization, and endocytic internalization. These defects could be rescued by increasing PtdIns(4,5)P2 levels in vivo. Strikingly, mutant Sla2p defective in PtdIns(4,5)P2 binding localized with the endocytic machinery at the cell cortex, establishing that the ANTH-PtdIns(4,5)P2 interaction is not necessary for this association. In contrast, multicolor real-time fluorescence microscopy and particle-tracking analysis demonstrated that PtdIns(4,5)P2 binding is required during endocytic internalization. These results demonstrate that the interaction of Sla2p's ANTH domain with PtdIns(4,5)P2 plays a key role in regulation of the dynamics of actin-dependent endocytic internalization.

PMID:
15574875
PMCID:
PMC545906
DOI:
10.1091/mbc.E04-08-0740
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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