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Exp Cell Res. 2005 Feb 1;303(1):160-73.

Stabilin-1 and stabilin-2 are both directed into the early endocytic pathway in hepatic sinusoidal endothelium via interactions with clathrin/AP-2, independent of ligand binding.

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Department of Dermatology, University Medical Centre Mannheim, Ruprecht-Karls University Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.


Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) mediate clearance of hyaluronan (HA) and scavenger receptor ligands, for example, advanced glycation end product (AGE)-modified proteins and oxidized lipids from the circulation. We recently cloned stabilin-1 and -2, two members of a novel family of transmembrane proteins expressed in LSECs. By using primary LSECs and HEK293 cells separately expressing either stabilin, we have investigated their roles in the early events of endocytosis with respect to localization, ligand-binding properties, and associations with clathrin and adaptor protein (AP)-2. Both stabilins were present at the cell surface, although surface levels of stabilin-1 were limited. In addition, stabilins were present in early endosomal antigen (EEA)-1+ organelles colocalizing with endocytosed AGE-modified bovine serum albumin (BSA). Treating cells with monensin further pronounced this distribution. Recombinant stabilin-2, but not recombinant stabilin-1, bound HA and the scavenger receptor ligands AGE-modified BSA, formaldehyde-treated BSA, and collagen N-terminal propeptides. In LSECs, both stabilins were associated with clathrin and AP-2, but not with each other. These interactions did not change upon addition of exogenous HA, suggesting that stabilins are constitutively internalized. In conclusion, hepatic stabilins are both present in the early endocytic pathway, associating with clathrin/AP-2, but whereas stabilin-2 has a clear scavenging profile, stabilin-1 does not recognize these ligands.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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