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Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs. 2004 Dec;3(4):321-30.

Better knowledge improves adherence to lifestyle changes and medication in patients with coronary heart disease.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Malmö University Hospital, S-205 02, Malmö, Sweden.



Many patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) are not managed adequately, and we often fail to reach treatment targets.


To investigate if knowledge of risk factors for CHD, measured by a questionnaire, would show any relation to advice to compliance to lifestyle changes to attain treatment goals and adherence to drug therapy.


Men and women <71 years who had had a cardiac event were screened consecutively (509) from the medical records. Responders (392) were interviewed, examined and received a questionnaire. Three hundred and forty-seven patients answered the questionnaire regarding their general knowledge of risk factors for CHD, compliance to lifestyle changes to attain treatment goals and adherence to drug therapy.


There were statistically significant correlations between general knowledge about risk factors for CHD and compliance to certain lifestyle changes: weight, physical activity, stress management, diet, attainment of lipid level goals and the likelihood of taking prescribed blood pressure-lowering drugs. General knowledge of risk factors had no correlation to blood glucose or blood pressure levels nor on smoking habits or treatment patterns for prescribed lipid- and blood glucose-lowering drugs.


Knowledge correlates to patient behaviour with respect to some risk factors, which should be recognised in preventive programs.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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