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J Mol Biol. 2005 Jan 14;345(2):401-13.

Trimeric structure of PRL-1 phosphatase reveals an active enzyme conformation and regulation mechanisms.

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Center for Cellular Switch Protein Structure, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, 52 Euh-eun-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806, South Korea.


The PRL phosphatases, which constitute a subfamily of the protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs), are implicated in oncogenic and metastatic processes. Here, we report the crystal structure of human PRL-1 determined at 2.7A resolution. The crystal structure reveals the shallow active-site pocket with highly hydrophobic character. A structural comparison with the previously determined NMR structure of PRL-3 exhibits significant differences in the active-site region. In the PRL-1 structure, a sulfate ion is bound to the active-site, providing stabilizing interactions to maintain the canonically found active conformation of PTPs, whereas the NMR structure exhibits an open conformation of the active-site. We also found that PRL-1 forms a trimer in the crystal and the trimer exists in the membrane fraction of cells, suggesting the possible biological regulation of PRL-1 activity by oligomerization. The detailed structural information on the active enzyme conformation and regulation of PRL-1 provides the structural basis for the development of potential inhibitors of PRL enzymes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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