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Mol Immunol. 1992 Mar;29(3):335-42.

Structure of the major oligosaccharide of cobra venom factor.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20007.

Abstract

Cobra venom factor (CVF), the complement-activating glycoprotein in cobra venom, contains three or possibly four N-linked oligosaccharide chains per molecule and is devoid of O-linked saccharides. Analysis by lectin-affinity staining revealed the presence of complex-type oligosaccharides containing non-reducing terminal alpha-galactosyl residues and fucose residues linked to the proximal N-acetylglucosamine. Sialic acid residues could not be detected. For their structural analysis, the oligosaccharides were released by hydrazinolysis and fractionated on Bio-Gel P-4. Approximately 80% of the eluted oligosaccharides have a size equivalent of 17 +/- 2 glucose units. The major oligosaccharide representing about 45% of the total carbohydrate present in CVF was purified to homogeneity by MicroPak AX-5 HPLC and its structure was analyzed by sequential exoglycosidase digestion. The positions of the glycosidic linkages of the sugar residues were established by methylation analysis of CVF-derived glycopeptides. The data of these analyses indicated that the major oligosaccharide has a symmetrical fucosylated biantennary complex-type structure terminating with unusual alpha-galactosyl residues.

PMID:
1557044
DOI:
10.1016/0161-5890(92)90020-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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