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J Leukoc Biol. 2005 Mar;77(3):344-51. Epub 2004 Nov 29.

The CMRF58 antibody recognizes a subset of CD123hi dendritic cells in allergen-challenged mucosa.

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Mater Medical Research Institute, Aubigny Place, Raymond Terrace, South Brisbane, Queensland 4101, Australia.


CD123(hi) CD11c(-) dendritic cells (CD123(hi) DC) are a distinct subset of human DC present in bone marrow, blood, lymphoid organs, and peripheral tissues. Pathogen stimulation, cytokine, or CD40 ligation induces CD123(hi) DC maturation, involving a shift from their innate immune to cognate antigen-presenting functions. In this study, we revealed that blood CD123(hi) DC in the presence of cytokine (granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor and interleukin-3) undergo progressive, step-wise maturation through an "early" stage, delineated by expression of the antigen detected by the new monoclonal antibody CMRF58 (CD123(hi)CMRF58(+)CD40(-)CD86(-)CD83(-)) to the "late" stage with costimulatory antigen expression (CD123(hi)CMRF58(+)CD40(+)CD86(+)CD83(+/-)). In this early stage, cytokine-maintained CD123(hi) DC do not display changes in their morphology, no longer produce interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in response to bacteria, and develop the capacity to induce proliferation and polarization of allogeneic T cells. CD123(hi)CMRF58(+) DC, phenotypically similar to in vitro cytokine-maintained CD123(hi) DC, were not detected in tonsil but are present in allergen-challenged nasal mucosa of allergic individuals. Thus, CD123(hi) DC in certain tissue environments such as allergen-challenged nasal mucosa share a common CD123(hi)CMRF58(+) phenotype with in vitro cytokine-maintained blood CD123(hi) DC characterized by lack of IFN-alpha production.

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