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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Jan 7;326(1):36-44.

Cloning, expression, and differentiation-dependent regulation of SMAF1 in adipogenesis.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, OH 43614, USA.


With the aim of identifying novel molecular pathways in the adipocyte, we conducted differential screening of DNA filter arrays with probes from 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and adipocytes, and discovered a novel 0.7kb transcript we term small adipocyte factor 1 (SMAF1). SMAF1 encodes a wholly novel 10kDa protein. Transfection and localization studies of a SMAF1-EGFP fusion construct indicate nuclear localization, suggestive of a possible regulatory role. Northern blot analysis of various murine tissues indicates adipose tissue-restricted expression, and fractionation of adipose tissue reveals that SMAF1 is expressed soley in adipocytes and not in the stromal-vascular cell population. Northern blot analysis of brown and white adipogenic conversion reveals that expression of SMAF1 closely parallels emergence of an adipocyte phenotype and that TNFalpha-mediated dedifferentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes results in a rapid decline of SMAF1 transcript. These data indicate that SMAF1 is closely tied to the adipocyte phenotype and predict a novel and possibly regulatory role for this gene in adipocyte function.

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