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Chin J Traumatol. 2004 Dec;7(6):358-62.

Effect of type I collagen on the adhesion, proliferation, and osteoblastic gene expression of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, Nanjing General Hospital, Nanjing Military District, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210001, China. liugangnj@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of porous poly lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) modified by type I collagen on the adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of rabbit marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).

METHODS:

The third generation MSCs isolated from mature rabbits by density gradient centrifugation were cultured at different initial concentrations on 0.3 cm x 1.2 cm x 2.0 cm 3-D porous PLGA coated by type I collagen in RPMI 1640 containing 10% fetal calf serum, while cultured on PLGA without type I collagen as control. The cells adhesive and proliferative behavior at 7, 14, and 21 days after inoculation was assessed by determining the incorporation rate of [(3)H]-TdR. In order to examine MSCs differentiation, the expression of osteoblasts marker genes, osteocalcin (OCN), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteopontin (OPN) mRNA, were evaluated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and further more, the cell morphology at 21 days was also observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM).

RESULTS:

Type I collagen promoted cell adhesion on PLGA. The valve was significantly higher than controls (6 h, 2144 cpm+/-141 cpm vs. 1797 cpm+/-118 cpm, P=0.017; 8 h, 2311 cpm+/-113 cpm vs. 1891 cpm+/-103 cpm, P=0.01). The cells which cultured on PLGA coated with type I collagen showed significantly higher cell proliferation than controls on the 7 th day (1021 cpm+/-159 cpm vs. 451 cpm+/-67 cpm, P=0.002), the 14th day (1472 cpm+/-82 cpm vs. 583 cpm+/-67 cpm, P<0.001) and 21 th day (1728 cpm+/-78 cpm vs. 632 cpm+/-55 cpm, P<0.001). Osteoblasts markers, OCN, ALP, OPN mRNA, were all detected on PLGA coated by type I collagen on the 21 th day, but OCN, OPN mRNA could not be found in controls. Spindle and polygonal cells well distributed on the polymer coated by type I collagen while cylindric or round cells in controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Type I collagen is effective in promoting the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of MSCs on PLGA.

PMID:
15566693
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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