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J Surg Oncol. 2004 Dec 15;88(4):234-9.

Simultaneous repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and resection of unexpected, associated abdominal malignancies.

Author information

1
The "Francesco Durante" Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy. giulio.illuminati@uniroma1.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

The management of unexpected intra-abdominal malignancy, discovered at laparotomy for elective treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), is controversial. It is still unclear whether both conditions should be treated simultaneously or a staged approach is to be preferred. To contribute in improving treatment guidelines, we retrospectively reviewed the records of patients undergoing laparotomy for elective AAA repair.

METHODS:

From January 1994 to March 2003, 253 patients underwent elective, trans-peritoneal repair of an AAA. In four patients (1.6%), an associated, unexpected neoplasm was detected at abdominal exploration, consisting of one renal, one gastric, one ileal carcinoid, and one ascending colon tumor. All of them were treated at the same operation, after aortic repair and careful isolation of the prosthetic graft.

RESULTS:

The whole series' operative mortality was 3.6%. None of the patients simultaneously treated for AAA and tumor resection died in the postoperative period. No graft-related infections were observed. Simultaneous treatment of AAA and tumor did not prolong significantly the mean length of stay in the hospital, compared to standard treatment of AAA alone.

CONCLUSIONS:

Except for malignancies of organs requiring major surgical resections, simultaneous AAA repair and resection of an associated, unexpected abdominal neoplasm can be safely performed, in most of the patients, sparing the need for a second procedure. Endovascular grafting of the AAA can be a valuable tool in simplifying simultaneous treatment, or in staging the procedures with a very short delay.

PMID:
15565595
DOI:
10.1002/jso.20149
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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