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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2005 Jun;67(4):515-23. Epub 2004 Nov 24.

Effect of Sorghum vulgare phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and Lactococcus lactis pyruvate carboxylase coexpression on succinate production in mutant strains of Escherichia coli.

Author information

1
Department of Bioengineering MS 142, Rice University, Houston, TX 77251-1892, USA.

Abstract

Sorghum vulgare phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) and Lactococcus lactis pyruvate carboxylase (PYC) were overexpressed in Escherichia coli concurrently to improve the production of succinate, a valuable industrial specialty chemical. This coexpression system was also applied to E. coli mutant strains strategically designed by inactivating the competing pathways of succinate formation. The highest level of succinate production was observed in E. coli strains coexpressing both PEPC and PYC when compared with E. coli strains individually overexpressing either PEPC or PYC. Lactate production was also significantly reduced with PEPC and PYC coexpression. Lactate and acetate pathways were inactivated to eliminate the competing pathways of succinate formation. Results showed that inactivation of both the lactate and acetate pathways with the coexpression of PEPC and PYC was most effective in improving succinate production. Inactivating the lactate or acetate pathway alone only caused a majority of the carbon flux to shift to other metabolites rather than succinate. Coexpression of PEPC and PYC was also applied to an E. coli mutant strain deficient in lactate dehydrogenase and pyruvate:formate lyase that accumulated a substantial amount of the intermediate metabolite pyruvate during growth. Results showed that PEPC and PYC coexpression was effective in depleting pyruvate accumulation and increasing the production of metabolites.

PMID:
15565333
DOI:
10.1007/s00253-004-1789-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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