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Laryngoscope. 2004 Dec;114(12):2103-9.

Surgical management of chronic sinusitis in children.

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Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, West Virginia University, PO Box 9200, Morgantown, WV 26506-9200, USA.



The objective was to compare three common surgical modalities in children for the treatment of chronic sinusitis that is refractory to medical management.


Prospective nonrandomized study in a pediatric otolaryngology tertiary service.


Two hundred two children who satisfied criteria for surgery and were referred over a 10-year period were studied. Children were divided into three surgical groups. Group 1 had both endoscopic sinus surgery and adenoidectomy, group 2 had endoscopic sinus surgery alone, and group 3 had adenoidectomy. After a follow-up period of 12 months, improvement of symptoms was assessed.


One hundred eighty-three children had adequate follow-up. Eighty seven percent of children in group 1 had improved symptoms, compared with 75% in group 2 and 52% in group 3 (P < .0001). Multivariate analysis showed that surgical procedure was a predictor of success. Asthma, smoke exposure, and age were independent predictors of success.


Children who fail medical therapy benefit from surgery. Following certain criteria, one can chose between adenoidectomy alone or endoscopic sinus surgery with adenoidectomy to optimize surgical treatment of these children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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