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Plant Physiol. 2004 Dec;136(4):4150-8. Epub 2004 Nov 24.

Inhibition of blue light-dependent H+ pumping by abscisic acid through hydrogen peroxide-induced dephosphorylation of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase in guard cell protoplasts.

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Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Ropponmatsu, Fukuoka, Japan 810-8560.


Blue light (BL)-dependent H+ pumping by guard cells, which drives stomatal opening, is inhibited by abscisic acid (ABA). We investigated this response with respect to the activity of plasma membrane H+-ATPase using Vicia guard cell protoplasts. ATP hydrolysis by the plasma membrane H+-ATPase, phosphorylation of the H+-ATPase, and the binding of 14-3-3 protein to the H+-ATPase stimulated by BL were inhibited by ABA at 10 microm. All of these responses were similarly inhibited by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at 1 mm. The ABA-induced inhibitions of BL-dependent H+ pumping and phosphorylation of the H+-ATPase were partially restored by ascorbate, an intracellular H2O2 scavenger. A single-cell analysis of the cytosolic H2O2 using 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin revealed that H2O2 was generated by ABA in guard cell protoplasts. We also indicated that H+ pumping induced by fusicoccin and the binding of 14-3-3 protein to the H+-ATPase were inhibited slightly (approximately 20%) by both ABA and H2O2. By contrast, H2O2 at 1 mm did not affect H+ pumping by the H+-ATPase in microsomal membranes. From these results, we concluded that inhibition of BL-dependent H+ pumping by ABA was due to a decrease in the phosphorylation levels of H+-ATPase and that H2O2 might be involved in this response. Moreover, there are at least two inhibition sites by ABA in the BL signaling pathway of guard cells.

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