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J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 11;280(6):4929-39. Epub 2004 Nov 24.

Notch signals inhibit the development of erythroid/megakaryocytic cells by suppressing GATA-1 activity through the induction of HES1.

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Department of Hematology and Oncology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


The effects of Notch signals on the erythroid/megakaryocytic differentiation of hematopoietic cells were examined. Activation of Notch signals by the intracellular Notch1 or an estradiol-inducible form of Notch1/ER suppressed the expression of the erythroid marker glycophorin A in an erythroid/megakaryocytic cell line K562. Although Mock-transfected K562 cells underwent megakaryocytic differentiation in response to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), estradiol-activated Notch1/ER induced apoptosis during TPA treatment in the transfectant, which was accompanied by the reduced expression of an antiapoptotic molecule Bcl-XL. Even when apoptosis was prevented by the overexpression of Bcl-XL, activated Notch signals still inhibited TPA-induced megakaryocytic differentiation. As for this mechanism, Notch1/recombination signal binding protein J-kappa-induced HES1 but not HES5 was found to inhibit the function of an erythroid/megakaryocytic lineage-specific transcription factor GATA-1. Although HES1 did not affect the DNA binding activity of GATA-1 in gel shift and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, it directly bound to GATA-1 and dissociated a critical transcriptional cofactor, p300, from GATA-1. Furthermore, overexpressed HES1 inhibited the development of erythroid and megakaryocytic cells in colony assays. Also, the Notch ligand Jagged1 expressed on NIH3T3 cells suppressed the development of erythroid and megakaryocytic cells from cocultured Lin-Sca-1+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. These results suggest that Notch1 inhibits the development of erythroid/megakaryocytic cells by suppressing GATA-1 activity through HES1.

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