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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Feb;90(2):928-35. Epub 2004 Nov 23.

Aurora B overexpression associates with the thyroid carcinoma undifferentiated phenotype and is required for thyroid carcinoma cell proliferation.

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Dipartimento di Biologia e Patologia Cellulare e Molecolare, Università Federico II, via S. Pansini 5, 80131 Napoli, Italy.


Alterations in chromosome number (aneuploidy) are common in human neoplasias. Loss of mitotic regulation is believed to induce aneuploidy in cancer cells and act as a driving force during the malignant progression. The serine/theronine protein kinases of aurora family genes play a critical role in the regulation of key cell cycle processes. Aurora B mediates chromosome segregation by ensuring orientation of sister chromatids and overexpression of Aurora B in diploid human cells NHDF (normal human diploid fibroblast) induces multinuclearity. We analyzed Aurora B expression in human thyroid carcinomas. Cell lines originating from different histotypes showed an increase in Aurora B expression. Immunohistochemical analysis of archive samples showed a high expression of Aurora B in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas; conversely, Aurora B expression was not detectable in normal thyroid tissue. Real-time PCR analysis confirmed a strong expression of Aurora B in anaplastic thyroid carcinomas. The block of Aurora B expression induced by RNA interference or by using an inhibitor of Aurora kinase activity significantly reduced the growth of thyroid anaplastic carcinoma cells.

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