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J Biol Chem. 1992 Mar 25;267(9):6132-6.

Cartilage matrix proteins. An acidic oligomeric protein (COMP) detected only in cartilage.

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Department of Medical and Physiological Chemistry, University of Lund, Sweden.


An Mr = 524,000 oligomeric protein was isolated from bovine cartilage and designated COMP (Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein). The protein is composed of disulfide-bonded subunits with an apparent Mr of 100,000 each. It is markedly anionic, probably due to its high contents of aspartic acid and glutamic acid, as well as to its substitution with negatively charged carbohydrates. COMP was found in all cartilages analyzed, but could not be detected in other tissues by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of guanidine HCl extracts. Within a given cartilage, COMP shows a preferential localization to the territorial matrix surrounding the chondrocytes.

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