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J Biol Chem. 1992 Mar 25;267(9):6036-43.

Structural studies on sulfated oligosaccharides derived from the carbohydrate-protein linkage region of chondroitin 6-sulfate proteoglycans of shark cartilage. II. Seven compounds containing 2 or 3 sulfate residues.

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Department of Bio-Organic Chemistry, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.


Shark cartilage proteoglycans bear predominantly chondroitin 6-sulfate. After exhaustive protease digestion, reductive beta-elimination and subsequent chondroitinase ABC digestion, 13 hexasaccharide alditols were obtained from the carbohydrate-protein linkage region and six of them contain 0 or 1 sulfate and/or 1 phosphate residue (Sugahara, K., Ohi, Y., Harada, T., de Waard, P., and Vliegenthart, J. F. G. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 6027-6035). The other seven compounds, which represent approximately 60% of the isolated linkage hexasaccharides, were analyzed by chondroitinase ACII digestion in conjunction with high performance liquid chromatography and by 500-MHz one- and two dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy. All seven compounds have the following conventional structure in common. [formula: see text] Two disulfated compounds have an O-sulfate on C-6 of the Gal-2 residue attached to xylitol in combination with an O-sulfate on C-4 or on C-6 of the GalNAc residue. The third disulfated compound has O-sulfate on C-6 of Gal-2, and also on C-6 of Gal-3. Two of the trisulfated compounds also have O-sulfate on C-6 of both Gal-2 and Gal-3 with in addition sulfate on C-6 or C-4 of GalNAc. The other two trisulfated compounds have O-sulfate on C-6 of Gal-2 and on C-4 of Gal-3 in conjunction with sulfate on C-6 or C-4 of GalNAc.

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