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Oncogene. 2005 Jan 27;24(5):945-8.

Reciprocal relationship in gene expression between FGFR1 and FGFR3: implication for tumorigenesis.

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Department of Biochemistry, Inha University College of Medicine, 7-241 Shinheung-dong 3-ga, Jung Gu, Incheon 400-712, Korea.


We have previously demonstrated that the expression of FGFR3 is frequently downregulated in colorectal carcinoma cells. Here we have shown that FGFR1 is overexpressed in colorectal carcinoma cells and the gene expressions between FGFR1 and FGFR3 are mutually exclusive. Moreover, we have also shown that the disruption of FGFR1 expression by introducing of FGFR1 siRNA was effective in elevating FGFR3 expression and tumor suppressive activities. Thus, FGFR1 may confer a selectable advantage on clones of cells in colorectal tumorigenesis, favoring proliferation, whereas FGFR3 may have the effect of an unfavorable negative regulation of progression of the carcinomas to malignancy, promoting differentiation. Our results indicate that the reciprocal relationship in gene expression between FGFR1 and FGFR3 in colorectal tissue plays an important role in the progression of the carcinomas to malignancy.

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