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Oncogene. 2005 Feb 10;24(7):1174-87.

An antitumorigenic role for murine 8S-lipoxygenase in skin carcinogenesis.

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Science Park-Research Division, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1808 Park Road 1C, PO Box 389, Smithville, TX 78957, USA.


The levels of 8S-lipoxygenase (8S-LOX) expression and of its arachidonic acid metabolite, 8-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (8-HETE), are highly elevated in the early stages of mouse skin carcinogenesis. On the other hand, several reports showing that 8-HETE is also closely associated with keratinocyte differentiation raise a question concerning the role of 8S-LOX/8-HETE in skin carcinogenesis. To address that question, here we conducted a series of gain-of-function studies. Skin targeted loricrin 8S-LOX/C57BL/6J transgenic mice showed a more differentiated epidermal phenotype as well as a 64% reduced papilloma development in a two-stage skin carcinogenesis protocol. Forced expression of 8S-LOX in MT1/2 cells, a murine papilloma cell line, also caused a more differentiated appearance as well as keratin 1 expression. Overexpression of 8S-LOX in CH72 cells, a murine carcinoma cell line, inhibited cell proliferation by 30% in vitro and by 86% in in vivo xenografts. Exogenous addition of 5 muM 8-HETE to CH72 cells caused cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase. Finally, immunohistochemical analyses showed 8S-LOX protein expression was strictly confined to the differentiated compartment of mouse skin and throughout tumorigenesis. Collectively, these data suggest that 8S-LOX plays a role as a prodifferentiating, antitumorigenic, and tumor suppressing gene in mouse skin carcinogenesis.

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