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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Nov 30;101(48):16795-800. Epub 2004 Nov 22.

Defective lysosomal exocytosis and plasma membrane repair in Chediak-Higashi/beige cells.

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  • 1Section of Microbial Pathogenesis and Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, 295 Congress Avenue, New Haven, CT 06536, USA.


Plasma membrane resealing is a Ca(2+)-dependent process that involves the exocytosis of intracellular vesicles next to the wound site. Recent studies revealed that conventional lysosomes behave as Ca(2+)-regulated secretory compartments and play a central role in membrane resealing. These findings raised the possibility that the complex pathology of lysosomal diseases might also include defects in plasma membrane repair. Here, we investigated the capacity for lysosomal exocytosis and membrane resealing of fibroblasts derived from Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) patients, or from beige-J mice. By using a sensitive electroporation/fluorescence-activated cell sorter-based assay, we show that lysosomal exocytosis triggered by membrane wounding is impaired in both human Chediak-Higashi and mouse beige-J fibroblasts. Lysosomal exocytosis increased when the normal size of lysosomes was restored in beige-J cells by expression of the CHS/Beige protein. A similar effect was seen when the lysosomal enlargement in beige-J cells was reversed by treatment with E64d. In addition, the survival of Chediak-Higashi and beige-J fibroblasts after wounding was reduced, indicating that impaired lysosomal exocytosis inhibits membrane resealing in these mutant cells. Thus, the severe symptoms exhibited by CHS patients may also include defects in the ability of cells to repair plasma membrane lesions.

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