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Curr Biol. 2004 Nov 23;14(22):2033-8.

Adenomatous polyposis coli associates with the microtubule-destabilizing protein XMCAK.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


During cell division, the proper formation of a bipolar spindle and its function to segregate chromosomes requires precise coordination of microtubule-stabilizing and destabilizing activities. Globally destabilized, dynamic microtubules radiating from duplicated centrosomes are locally regulated by chromosomes. Proteins at the kinetochore of each sister chromatid mediate a dynamic attachment, allowing chromosome movement coupled to microtubule polymerization/depolymerization and error-correction mechanisms for improperly attached chromosomes. The tumor suppressor protein adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) stabilizes microtubules both in vitro and in vivo and is implicated in mitosis, although its mechanisms of action are not well characterized. Here, we show that in mitotic Xenopus egg extracts, the carboxyl-terminus of APC can associate with the amino terminus of the microtubule-destabilizing KinI, Xenopus mitotic centromere-associated kinesin (XMCAK), in a cytoplasmic complex. We find that like XMCAK, APC can localize to the centromere as well as the kinetochore region of mitotic chromosomes and does not require microtubules for chromosomal targeting in Xenopus egg extracts. We propose that the presence of these proteins in a complex brings together both positive and negative microtubule effectors, whose opposing activities may be regulated by additional factors, thereby providing precise control of both global and local microtubule dynamics.

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