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Eur J Biochem. 1992 Apr 1;205(1):85-91.

Actin and neurofilament binding domain of brain spectrin beta subunit.

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1
Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France.

Abstract

Tryptic digestion of brain spectrin generates a number of fragments from alpha and beta subunits; when these fragments are incubated with F-actin or neurofilament light subunit, four of them with molecular masses below 30 kDa sediment with the cytoskeleton structures. A selective purification of these fragments by ammonium sulfate fractionation and butyl-Sepharose chromatography has been achieved. Two fragments with molecular masses of 28 and 23 kDa bind to F-actin. Native brain spectrin causes half-maximal inhibition of the association at a concentration of 3 microM. Protein sequencing indicates that the actin-binding domain is contained in the beta subunit, in a stretch of amino acids at the N terminus from Ala43 (28-kDa fragment) or from Met104 (23-kDa fragment) and terminate probably at the C-terminal Lys288 or Lys284. Amino acids are numbered by reference to the sequence of the Drosophila beta subunit. The 28-kDa fragment also binds to the low-molecular-mass subunit of neurofilaments; brain spectrin heterodimer disrupts this binding. Hence, spectrin binds to F-actin and to neurofilaments via a common binding domain.

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