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Mol Cell Neurosci. 2004 Dec;27(4):453-65.

Nuclear expression of S100B in oligodendrocyte progenitor cells correlates with differentiation toward the oligodendroglial lineage and modulates oligodendrocytes maturation.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Transduction du Signal, INSERM EMI-0104, DRDC CEA-Grenoble, 38054 Grenoble, France.


The S100B protein belongs to the S100 family of EF-hand calcium binding proteins implicated in cell growth and differentiation. Here, we show that in the developing and the adult mouse brain, S100B is expressed in oligodendroglial progenitor cells (OPC) committed to differentiate into the oligodendrocyte (OL) lineage. Nuclear S100B accumulation in OPC correlates with the transition from the fast dividing multipotent stage to the morphological differentiated, slow proliferating, pro-OL differentiation stage. In the adult, S100B expression is down-regulated in mature OLs that have established contacts with their axonal targets, suggesting a nuclear S100B function during oligodendroglial cells maturation. In vitro, the morphological transformation and maturation of pro-OL cells are delayed in the absence of S100B. Moreover, mice lacking S100B show an apparent delay in OPC maturation in response to demyelinating insult. We propose that nuclear S100B participates in the regulation of oligodendroglial cell maturation.

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