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Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2004 Nov;2(11):978-84.

Outcomes of surgical fundoplication in children.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Surgical fundoplication has been recommended for children with persistent GERD. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of postoperative symptoms requiring medical evaluation and/or treatment after fundoplication in children with or without associated medical disorders.

METHODS:

In a retrospective cohort study, we reviewed the medical records of all children who underwent fundoplication during 1996-1999. Data were collected to analyze the following: (1) postoperative complications, (2) postoperative symptoms, (3) procedures performed to evaluate postoperative symptoms, (4) medical treatment, and (5) repeat surgery.

RESULTS:

A total of 198 children underwent fundoplication, and 176 (89%) came for follow-up evaluation within 2 months after surgery. The median age at the time of surgery was 2.1 y (range, 6 mo-18 y) and the median duration of follow-up was 2.0 y (range, 1.2-4.8 y). A total of 130 (74%) children had one or more associated medical disorders including neurodevelopmental delay (70%), cystic fibrosis (8%), tracheoesophageal anomalies (8%), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (8%), and reactive airway disease (35%). Postoperatively, children with associated medical disorders had a higher frequency of lung infections (52% vs. 22%, P = .03) and dumping syndrome (2% vs. 0%, P = .05). Most children (63%) received evaluation and treatment for symptoms suggestive of recurrent reflux despite fundoplication.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nearly two thirds of children who received fundoplication and were followed-up within 2 months after surgery either have symptoms or receive medical therapy for reflux. Fundoplication for the control of GERD in children needs further evaluation.

PMID:
15551250
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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