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Surg Endosc. 2005 Jan;19(1):137-9. Epub 2004 Nov 18.

Comparison of open and laparoscopic secure placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters.

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Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Songkla, 90110, Thailand.



A major and frustrating complication of peritoneal dialysis catheter placement is mechanical outflow obstruction, which may be caused by catheter tip migration. Therefore, a secure and correct positioning of the catheter is important to minimize this risk. This technique is easily accomplished by a laparoscopic approach.


The outcomes of 50 patients in whom peritoneal dialysis catheters were inserted laparoscopically with a secure catheter placement technique were compared with those of 52 patients who underwent an open surgical technique using a stiff wire as guidance for the catheter. The data were prospectively collected but not randomized. All the patients had virgin abdomens, and all the procedures were undertaken or supervised by one surgeon.


Catheter migration occurred in six patients (12%) in the open group, as compared with none in the laparoscopic group (p = 0.027). There were no significant differences in catheter survival between the two groups.


The laparoscopic technique with secure placement of the catheter lowered the incidence of catheter migration, but did not increase the catheter survival.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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