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Nature. 2004 Nov 18;432(7015):289-90.

Historical phenology: grape ripening as a past climate indicator.

Author information

  • 1CEFE-CNRS, 1919 route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier, France.

Abstract

French records of grape-harvest dates in Burgundy were used to reconstruct spring-summer temperatures from 1370 to 2003 using a process-based phenology model developed for the Pinot Noir grape. Our results reveal that temperatures as high as those reached in the 1990s have occurred several times in Burgundy since 1370. However, the summer of 2003 appears to have been extraordinary, with temperatures that were probably higher than in any other year since 1370.

PMID:
15549085
DOI:
10.1038/432289a
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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