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J Neurosci. 2004 Nov 17;24(46):10511-20.

Blockade of Nogo-66, myelin-associated glycoprotein, and oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein by soluble Nogo-66 receptor promotes axonal sprouting and recovery after spinal injury.

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Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA.


The growth of injured axons in the adult mammalian CNS is limited after injury. Three myelin proteins, Nogo, MAG (myelin-associated glycoprotein), and OMgp (oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein), bind to the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) and inhibit axonal growth in vitro. Transgenic or viral blockade of NgR function allows axonal sprouting in vivo. Here, we administered the soluble function-blocking NgR ectodomain [aa 27-310; NgR(310)ecto] to spinal-injured rats. Purified NgR(310)ecto-Fc protein was delivered intrathecally after midthoracic dorsal over-hemisection. Axonal sprouting of corticospinal and raphespinal fibers in NgR(310)ecto-Fc-treated animals correlates with improved spinal cord electrical conduction and improved locomotion. The ability of soluble NgR(310)ecto to promote axon growth and locomotor recovery demonstrates a therapeutic potential for NgR antagonism in traumatic spinal cord injury.

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