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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Nov;191(5):1811-4.

Comparing the effects of physical practice and mental imagery rehearsal on learning basic surgical skills by medical students.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Scott and White Clinic, Texas A&M University Health Sciences Center, College Station, Tex, USA. sanders@medicine.tamu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to test the effects of varying the amount of physical practice and mental imagery rehearsal on learning basic surgical procedures.

STUDY DESIGN:

Using a sample of 65 second-year medical students, 3 randomized groups received either: (1) 3 sessions of physical practice on suturing a pig's foot; (2) 2 sessions of physical practice and 1 session of mental imagery rehearsal; or (3) 1 session of physical practice and 2 sessions of imagery rehearsal. All participants then performed a surgery on a live rabbit in the operating theater of a veterinary college under approved conditions. Analysis of variance was applied to pre- and post-treatment ratings of surgical performance.

RESULTS:

Physical practice followed by mental imagery rehearsal was statistically equal to additional physical practice.

CONCLUSION:

Initial physical practice followed by mental imagery rehearsal may be a cost-effective method of training medical students in learning basic surgical skills.

PMID:
15547570
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2004.07.075
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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