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Biochemistry. 1992 Mar 31;31(12):3084-91.

Isolation and structure of an intrastrand cross-link adduct of mitomycin C and DNA.

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Department of Chemistry, Hunter College, City University of New York 10021.


A new covalent mitomycin C-DNA adduct (4) was isolated from DNA exposed to reductively activated mitomycin C (MC) in vitro. The MC-treated DNA was hydrolyzed enzymatically under certain conditions, and the new adduct was isolated from the hydrolysate by HPLC. Its structure was determined by ultraviolet and circular dichroism spectroscopy and chemical and enzymatic transformations conducted on microscale. In the structure, a single 2" beta, 7"-diaminomitosene residue is linked bifunctionally to two guanines in the dinucleoside phosphate d(GpG). The guanines are linked at their N2 atoms to the C1" and C10" positions of the mitosene, respectively. A key to the structure was a finding that removal of the mitosene from the adduct by hot piperidine yielded d(GpG); another was that the adduct was slowly converted to the known interstrand cross-link adduct 3 by snake venom diesterase and alkaline phosphatase. Adduct 4 represents an intrastrand cross-link in DNA formed by MC. Of the two possible strand-polarity isomers of 4, 4a in which the mitosene 1"-position is linked to the 3'-guanine of d(GpG) is designated as the proper structure, on the basis of the mechanism of the cross-linking reaction. The same adduct 4 was isolated from poly(dG).poly(dC), synthetic oligonucleotides containing the GpG sequence, and Micrococcus luteus and calf thymus DNAs. The relative yields of interstrand and intrastrand cross-links (3 and 4) were determined under first-order kinetic conditions; an average 3.6-fold preference for the formation of 3 over that of 4 was observed. An explanation for this preference is proposed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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