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J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 11;280(6):4166-73. Epub 2004 Nov 15.

Regulation of P-Rex1 by phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate and Gbetagamma subunits.

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Inositide Laboratory, The Babraham Institute, Babraham Research Campus, Cambridge CB2 4AT, United Kingdom.


P-Rex1 is a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the small GTPase Rac. We have investigated here the mechanisms of stimulation of P-Rex1 Rac-GEF activity by the lipid second messenger phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) and the Gbetagamma subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins. We show that a P-Rex1 mutant lacking the PH domain (DeltaPH) cannot be stimulated by PtdIns(3,4,5)P3, which implies that the PH domain confers PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 regulation of P-Rex1 Rac-GEF activity. Consistent with this, we found that PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 binds to the PH domain of P-Rex1 and that the DH/PH domain tandem is sufficient for PtdIns(3,4,5)P3-stimulated P-Rex1 activity. The Rac-GEF activities of the DeltaPH mutant and the DH/PH domain tandem can both be stimulated by Gbetagamma subunits, which infers that Gbetagamma subunits regulate P-Rex1 activity by binding to the catalytic DH domain. Deletion of the DEP, PDZ, or inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase homology domains has no major consequences on the abilities of either PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 or Gbetagamma subunits to stimulate P-Rex1 Rac-GEF activity. However, the presence of any of these domains impacts on the levels of basal and/or stimulated P-Rex1 Rac-GEF activity, suggesting that there are important functional interactions between the DH/PH domain tandem and the DEP, PDZ, and inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase homology domains of P-Rex1.

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