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Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2004 Dec;11(12):1179-85. Epub 2004 Nov 14.

Redox regulation of OxyR requires specific disulfide bond formation involving a rapid kinetic reaction path.

Author information

1
Center for Cellular Switch Protein Structure, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, 52 Euh-eun-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806, Korea.

Abstract

The Escherichia coli OxyR transcription factor is activated by cellular hydrogen peroxide through the oxidation of reactive cysteines. Although there is substantial evidence for specific disulfide bond formation in the oxidative activation of OxyR, the presence of the disulfide bond has remained controversial. By mass spectrometry analyses and in vivo labeling assays we found that oxidation of OxyR in the formation of a specific disulfide bond between Cys199 and Cys208 in the wild-type protein. In addition, using time-resolved kinetic analyses, we determined that OxyR activation occurs at a rate of 9.7 s(-1). The disulfide bond-mediated conformation switch results in a metastable form that is locally strained by approximately 3 kcal mol(-1). On the basis of these observations we conclude that OxyR activation requires specific disulfide bond formation and that the rapid kinetic reaction path and conformation strain, respectively, drive the oxidation and reduction of OxyR.

PMID:
15543158
DOI:
10.1038/nsmb856
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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