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Biophys J. 2005 Feb;88(2):1371-6. Epub 2004 Nov 12.

Understanding the shape of sickled red cells.

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1
Laboratory of Chemical Physics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-0520, USA.

Abstract

To understand the physical basis of the wide variety of shapes of deoxygenated red cells from patients with sickle cell anemia, we have measured the formation rate and volume distribution of the birefringent domains of hemoglobin S fibers. We find that the domain formation rate depends on the approximately 80th power of the protein concentration, compared to approximately 40th power for the concentration dependence of the reciprocal of the delay time that precedes fiber formation. These remarkably high concentration dependences, as well as the exponential distribution of domain volumes, can be explained by the previously proposed double nucleation model in which homogeneous nucleation of a single fiber triggers the formation of an entire domain via heterogeneous nucleation and growth. The enormous sensitivity of the domain formation rate to intracellular hemoglobin S concentration explains the variable cell morphology and why rapid polymerization results in cells that do not appear sickled at all.

PMID:
15542552
PMCID:
PMC1305139
DOI:
10.1529/biophysj.104.051250
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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