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J Anim Sci. 2004 Nov;82(11):3162-74.

Cloning and expression of porcine adiponectin and adiponectin receptor 1 and 2 genes in pigs.

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  • 1Department of Animal Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan.


In mice, adiponectin receptors (AdipoR) have been found to mediate the effect of adiponectin in muscle and liver in regulation of glucose and fatty acid metabolism. The purposes of this study were to clone these receptors from pig tissues by reverse transcription PCR using mRNA from skeletal muscle and adipose tissue and to investigate the expression of these genes in various pig tissues. Sequences of adiponectin, AdipoR1, and AdipoR2 were determined and found to be highly homologous to those of the human and mouse. The AA sequences predicted for the full-length cDNA of porcine adiponectin, AdipoR1, and AdipoR2 were similar to those of the human and mouse, ranging from 81 to 97% homology, suggesting similar functions of these genes in pigs as in other species. Transcripts for adiponectin were abundant in s.c. adipose tissue in Lee-Sung pigs and in crossbred pigs. Transcripts for AdipoR1 were abundant in heart and skeletal muscle and also detected to a lesser extent (P < 0.05) in adipose tissue, liver, and spleen of the Lee-Sung pigs. Transcripts for AdipoR2 were abundant in s.c. adipose tissue and present to a lesser extent (P < 0.05) in the liver, heart, skeletal muscle, and spleen. These results indicate that the effect of adiponectin may be mediated through these receptors in various porcine tissues. Fasting for 8 h did not have a significant effect on the expression of adiponectin and AdipoR1 mRNA, but it increased (P < 0.05) the AdipoR2 mRNA in the s.c. adipose tissue of crossbred pigs. These results indicate that the AdipoR2-mediated fatty acid oxidation may be responsible at least in part for the fasted state fatty acid oxidation in porcine adipose tissues. The successful cloning of pig adiponectin and adiponectin receptors will enhance the understanding of the involvement of these genes in regulating energy metabolism in pigs.

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