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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Nov 16;44(10):1996-2002.

Serum levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances predict cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary artery disease: a longitudinal analysis of the PREVENT study.

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Elucida Research, Beverly, Massachusetts, USA.



The objective of this study was to test the predictive value of an oxidative stress biomarker in 634 patients from the Prospective Randomized Evaluation of the Vascular Effects of Norvasc Trial (PREVENT).


Oxidative stress contributes to mechanisms of atherosclerosis and plaque instability. Biomarkers of oxidation, such as malondialdehyde (MDA), may represent independent indicators of risk for patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).


Serum MDA levels were measured as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in 634 patients with documented CAD using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and spectrophotometric approaches.


During the three-year study, there were 51 major vascular events such as fatal/nonfatal myocardial infarction, 149 hospitalizations for nonfatal vascular events, and 139 patients underwent a major vascular procedure. At baseline, patients with TBARS levels in the highest quartile had a relative risk (RR) of 3.30 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.47 to 7.42; p = 0.038) for major vascular events, RR of 4.10 (95% CI 2.55 to 6.60; p < 0.0001) for nonfatal vascular events, and RR of 3.84 (95% CI 2.56 to 5.76; p < 0.0001) for major vascular procedures. The effect of TBARS on events and procedures was also seen in a multivariate model adjusted for inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, interleukin-6), and other risk factors (age, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, triglycerides, body mass index, and blood pressure). This analysis showed an independent effect of TBARS on major vascular events (p = 0.0149), nonfatal vascular events (p < 0.0001), major vascular procedures (p < 0.001), and all vascular events and procedures (p < 0.0001).


Serum levels of TBARS were strongly predictive of cardiovascular events in patients with stable CAD, independently of traditional risk factors and inflammatory markers.

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